The Characteristics of Motile and Static Semen of Swamp Buffalo in Teaching and Experimental Farm Lombok

  • Maskur Maskur Faculty of Animal Science Mataram University
  • Chairussyuhur Arman Faculty of Animal Science Mataram University
  • Syahrudin Said Research Center for Biotechnology, Indonesia Institute of Sciences

Abstract

Penampungan semen pada kerbau seringkali menghasilkan semen yang tidak menunjukkan adanya pergerakan massa spermatozoa. Semen seperti ini disebut semen statik, sedangkan semen yang menunjukkan adanya pergerakan massa spermatozoa disebut semen motil. Penelitian dilaksanakan untuk mengevaluasi kualitas semen dan spermatozoa pada  semen motil dan semen statik  kerbau lumpur. Sumber semen diperoleh dari 3 ekor kerbau lumpur dengan kisaran umur 2.5 sampai 3,0 tahun dan berat badan 441 sampai 477 kg yang dipelihara di Teaching dan Experimental Farm, Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Mataram. Sebanyak sembilan puluh delapan ejakulat terdiri atas 52 ejakulat semen motil dan 46 ejakulat semen statik digunakan pada penelitian ini untuk mengevaluasi kualitas semen dan spermatozoa pada ketiga sumber semen tersebut. Kejadian ejakulat statik adalah sekitar 47 persen yang bervariasi dari pejantan ke pejantan. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan di antara kerbau jantan didapati tidak signifikan untuk semua karakteristik semen statik, kecuali volume semen. Ketika data karakteristik semen dari ketiga kerbau jantan disatukan, ejakulat statik menunjukkan pH, total spermatozoa abnormal dan ekor bengkok yang lebih tinggi (p<0,05) dibandingkan dengan ejakulat motil. Sebaliknya, ejakulat statik menunjukkan penurunan volume ejakulat, konsentrasi sperma dan spermatozoa hidup yang signifikan (p<0,05). Diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut tentang kesesuaian semen motil kerbau lumpur yang dipreservasi dalam keadaan cair dan beku.

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Published
2020-11-18
How to Cite
MASKUR, Maskur; ARMAN, Chairussyuhur; SAID, Syahrudin. The Characteristics of Motile and Static Semen of Swamp Buffalo in Teaching and Experimental Farm Lombok. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 71-82, nov. 2020. ISSN 2656-4645. Available at: <http://jitpi.unram.ac.id/index.php/jitpi/article/view/79>. Date accessed: 24 jan. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.29303/jitpi.v6i2.79.